Brussels Agreements

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Under the Brussels agreement, meetings are held regularly to ensure the implementation of provisions in various areas. An agreement on justice was reached in February 2015, followed by agreements on energy and telecommunications operators. On 25 August 2015, an agreement was reached for the creation of the Serbian Community Association, which is at the heart of the Brussels agreement. The statutes have yet to be drawn up. The Serbian National Assembly did not treat the agreement as international and did not ratify it into a binding law, which is a necessary procedure for international agreements in Serbia. [21] However, it only accepted the government report on “the process of political and technical dialogue with the temporary institutions of Pristina, under the aegis of the EU, including the process of implementing the agreements reached”. [22] The Constitutional Court of Belgrade did not respond to the question of the constitutionality of the agreement and stated in December 2014[23] that the issue raised was political and not legal. 1. In Kosovo, there will be an association/community of majority Serb communities. Membership is open to any other municipality, subject to the agreement of the members. 8.

Members of other Serbian security structures are offered a place in kosovo`s equivalent structures. “The so-called Washington Agreement is not an agreement as such… there is clearly a lack of a political framework.” Following the Kosovo war and the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, Kosovo was placed under the non-edist administration of UN Security Council Resolution 1244, within the framework of Serbia and FrYY. In 2008, Kosovo declared independence and has since been recognized by 97 countries, but Serbia maintains that Kosovo remains its territory. [4] It has become a member of several international organizations, while Resolution 1244 remains legally binding on all parties, according to Serbia and about half of the UN member states. The dialogue between Kosovo and Serbia, negotiated by the EU, was launched in March 2011, three years after Kosovo declared independence. [5] Belgrade and Pristina are invited to continue the talks in Brussels, but Serbia is not required to recognise Kosovo at any point in the process. [6] US diplomats have supported the EU-led dialogue from the beginning.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton invited Ashton to visit the Balkans together, and they travelled together to Belgrade and Pristina (as well as Sarajevo) in October 2012. Clinton has instructed Deputy Secretary of State Philip Reeker to support Ashton`s efforts. Reeker and his team coordinated closely with EU colleagues and met with representatives of Serbia and Kosovars on the sidelines of each dialogue meeting in Brussels and during visits to the region. Some scholars, including Smilja Avramov and Elena Guskova, have said that the Brussels agreement violates Serbia`s Constitution and the UN Charter and constitutes an indirect recognition of Kosovo`s independence. [19] With only 2 pages, the agreement has 15 paragraphs. Paragraphs 1 to 6 concern the establishment, scope and functions of a proposed community of Serbian communes. Paragraphs 7 to 9 concern police and security structures and provide for the organization of a police unit for the whole of Kosovo, including its northern parts, known as the “Kosovo Police”. Paragraph 11 provides that local elections are held throughout Kosovo in accordance with Kosovo law. Paragraph 12 provides for an implementation plan and sets a date (to date) for the completion of the plan. Paragraph 13 contains a commitment to intensify discussions on energy and telecommunications.

Paragraph 14 states that “neither side will block the other side`s progress on their respective EU trajectories or encourage others to block them.” Paragraph 15 provides for the creation of an enforcement committee with the EU. The Brussels meeting comes just days after an unexpected White House agreement on normalizing economic relations.

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